History of Mythology (part 1)

Sumer – the first civilization after the flood.

After the confusion of the Tower of Babel, the rise of the Sumerian civilization began, in 2300 BC. It was called ‘The Cradle of Civilization’; referring to the region of Mesopotamia in the Fertile Crescent. “This region was home to ten ancient cultures – Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Hittite, Phoenician, Hebrew, Assyrian, Chaldean, Median, and Persian – which made important contributions to world history. The three oldest Sumerian settlements were at Eridu, Uruk, and Ur along the lower Euphrates. Sumer (aka Shinar), the southernmost region of the Mesopotamian plain, was the site of the first postdiluvian civilization.”[1]

The Epic of Gilgamesh

Found in Mesopotamia, we have access to the oldest remaining work of literature – the Epic of Gilgamesh – outside of the Bible. The main character is Gilgamesh, and he is believed by many to be Nimrod. In the epic, Gilgamesh is two-thirds god and one-third man. He is the king of Uruk and was the strongest of all the warriors. This character is known to be based off a real man and has been worshiped by the people of Sumer, long after his death. The epic was written on eleven tablets and in Akkadian (the Babylonian tongue).  In the epic, it contains a flood account and a character named Utnapishtim (aka the Biblical character Noah).

Tablet_V_of_the_Epic_of_Gligamesh

When Noah built the ark, he placed every kind of animal in it (which included all the dinosaurs). The Bible describes Nimrod as a mighty hunter, and as described in literature, he was much larger and stronger than the average man. According to fossil records, dinosaurs and men lived in very different areas; while man lived in dry and upland habitats, dinosaurs lived in wetlands. But, when looking at the typography of ancient Mesopotamia (aka the Fertile Crescent) it may have possibly been home to dinosaurs due to its location. “Extra-Biblical sources affirm that Nimrod hunted fearsome animals in his younger years. These animals threatened people living in the wilderness. Nimrod probably developed an early reputation by eliminating some of these animals from the Mesopotamian valley.”[2] Imagine the respect you would give a man who hunted and killed terrifying and monstrous dinosaurs like velociraptors and tyrannosaurus rexes!

Early Sumerian religion/mythology

 “Altogether the total number of deities whose names have been found in the Sumerian/Akkadian texts is more than three thousand. The oldest such list presently known was found at Tell Fara (city in modern day Iraq) and dates from about 2600 B.C. It begins with six chief deities of the Sumerian pantheon – An, Enlil, Inanna, Enki, Nanna, and Utu – and also includes the deified rulers Lugalbanda and Gilgamesh, both of whom appear in the Sumerian King List as kings of Uruk.[3]

In the Bible, in Ezekiel 8; the prophet describes a vision from the Lord on idolatry in the temple: (see vs. 1-9)

10 So I went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things, and abominable beasts, and all the idols of the house of Israel, pourtrayed upon the wall round about. 11 And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up. 12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say, the Lord seeth us not; the Lord hath forsaken the earth. 13 He said also unto me, Turn thee yet again, and thou shalt see greater abominations that they do. 14 Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the Lord’s house which was toward the north; and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz.”

Nimrod Connection:

“Tammuz and Nimrod are names for the SAME person.[4] Myths from civilizations of antiquity describe the sun god (deified Nimrod) fathered Tammuz using a sunbeam to impregnate the maiden Semiramis. (see the connection with the trinity?) The result was a re-incarnate Nimrod. Mythology portrays Semiramis as married to god and mother of that same god.”[5]

“Historical records of those ruling after Nimrod are somewhat confusing, but there is general agreement between them. Confusion arises because different names were attributed to the same kings by different civilizations. This confusion is easily understood in light of the various languages and civilizations that arose following the human dispersion from Babel. Gilgamesh of Mesopotamia was likely the real son of Semiramis. His Egyptian name was Horus. Gilgamesh and thus Horus are both described similarly in legends of antiquity. Each claimed legitimate inheritance to the emperor’s throne, and legends describe the Queen of heaven birthing both of them – Isis in Egypt and Ishtar in Babylon. Mythology describes a spirit god fathered both of them.”[6]

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Nimrod is the father of mythology.

(see next post for Babylonian and Egyptian connections!)

 

[1]Combee, Jerry, and George Thompson. History of Civilization. Pensacola: Beka Book, 2013. Print.

[2] Alexander Hislop; “The Two Babylons;” pg. 44-46, et al Quoted in Merrill, Steven C. Nimrod: Darkness in the Cradle of Civilization. United States of America: Xulon, 2004. Print.

[3] Finegan, Jack. Myth and Mystery: An Introduction to the Pagan Religions of the Biblical World. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1989. Print.

 

[4] Alexander Hislop; “The Two Babylons;” pg. 56, 62, 68-70, et al Quoted in Merrill, Steven C. Nimrod: Darkness in the Cradle of Civilization. United States of America: Xulon, 2004. Print.

[5] Alexander Hislop; “The Two Babylons;” pg. 22, 43, 86-88, 162, et al Quoted in Merrill, Steven C. Nimrod: Darkness in the Cradle of Civilization. United States of America: Xulon, 2004. Print.

[6] Merrill, Steven C. Nimrod: Darkness in the Cradle of Civilization. United States of America: Xulon, 2004. Print.

Nimrod and the Tower of Babel

tower-of-babel

Immediately following the flood, Noah and his family began to multiply and as time went on, their descendants moved from Mount Ararat to the plains of Shinar and created a city.

Genesis 11:1-9

“And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech. 2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there. 3And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them thoroughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter. 4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth. 5 And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded. 6 And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. 7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech. 8So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city. 9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.”

Unnatural connections…

Have you ever wondered why civilizations that have never met, all over the globe, have unnaturally similar accounts of a global flood, monsters, creatures, and deities?  In Dinosaurs by Design, Dr. Duane Gish says there are more than 270 stories from different cultures around the world about a devastating flood. This chart shows the similarities that several myths have with the Genesis account of Noah’s Flood. Although there are varying degrees of accuracy, these legends and stories all contain similarities to aspects of the same historical event—Noah’s Flood.”[1]

njk

While the Tower of Babel was constructed, God confused the languages, dispersing people to inhabit every known people group across the globe. Everything known to man at that time was brought with them into their new locations. (Looking at the genealogy of Genesis 11, the birth of Peleg was around 100 years after the flood. Therefore it would have been about 100-150 years after the flood, before the Tower of Babel would have begun.) It would make sense that after the flood, all the similar myths, gods, creatures and legends were passed down.

Remember Noah’s grandson Cush? In Genesis 10:8-10 it says, “ begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. 9 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” Nimrod’s name literally means “we shall rebel” and he is the one that is affiliated with the construction of the Tower of Babel. Remember back in Genesis 6:4 where it said that “there were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.” It is believed among many that Nimrod was one of these mighty men and that he was much larger than the average man. Nimrod is directly related to the sons of Anak (the giants with which the ten spies compared themselves as grasshoppers), and he is also related to the Canaanites (who were descendants of Canaan, Nimrod’s uncle).

The amount of information we have on Nimrod through history and “extra-Biblical” texts compared to what God mentioned in the Bible is fascinating. Nimrod played such a colossal role in the introduction to paganism in our postdiluvian world. Satan used Nimrod in such a way that has creeped its way even to the day we live in, right now.

There is mythology that dates to the beginning of almost every single civilization known to man, and Nimrod is at its core. Continuing the premise that the sons of God were in fact fallen angels and that the book of Jasher is a credible source (referring to the mixture of species—hybrid creatures found in folklore), most what we know to be fictional legends might have had real evidence behind it. The pantheon of gods from Sumer, the first postdiluvian civilization ever recorded; the Babylonian paganism that was rampant throughout Israel; the Egyptian, Greek, and Roman deities we all know today—these reoccurring themes were passed on by one civilization to the next. They may in fact have been distorted and diluted truths of real entities.

Maybe they were real?

[1] White, Monty. “Flood Legends.” Answers in Genesis. N.p., 29 Mar. 2007. Web. 24 Dec. 2016. https://answersingenesis.org/the-flood/flood-legends/flood-legends/.

Introduction to the Nephilim (part 3)

What is the book of Jasher?

The book of Jasher is an “extra-biblical text” and is one of many we have today. It is like a history book, but is called apocryphal (of doubtful authenticity). The validity of the book of Jasher is impossible to determine, and the copies printed today cannot be proven to be true.

For those who believe the Bible, it is the only canon scripture, and 2 Timothy 3:16 says “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:” The Bible is also a history book, but is the one source of information that cannot be questioned.

The book of Jasher is mentioned twice in the Bible. Joshua 10:12-13 says, “Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.” (The book of Jasher is mentioned one more time in the Bible; see 2 Samuel 1:17-18)

Before continuing where in the book of Jasher I found my answer, we must first work our way backward along the genealogy of the eight survivors of the flood (Noah, his wife, his three sons Ham, Shem, Japheth and their wives) to see whom the giants descended from. Remember the Emimites, the Zuzimites, the Rephaimites and the Anakim? Remember Deuteronomy 7:1 (“When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;”) referring to more giants? These people all are related. If you look at Noah’s son Ham, he had one son named Cush. Cush had four sons – Nimrod, Mizraim, Phut and Canaan. All of whom God commanded Israel, to annihilate.

Now, where in the book of Jasher does it say, monsters were real?

 Jasher 4:18 says, (referring to the same time as the Genesis 6:4 pre-flood account) “And their judges and rulers went to the daughters of men and took their wives by force from their husbands according to their choice, and the sons of men in those days took from the cattle of the earth, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and taught the mixture of animals of one species with the other, in order therewith to provoke the Lord; and God saw the whole earth and it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted its ways upon earth, all men and all animals.”

Regarding the validity of the book of Jasher, my argument was that if Joshua (the mighty warrior and spiritual leader) were to use the book as a sort of authenticity to have those believe him (“was it not written in the book of Jasher?”) then it must be true. (One very important key to realize is that the book he was referring to, may not be the same exact book we have today Regardless, continuing the interpretation of “the sons of God” in Genesis 6 as the Nephilim, (the fallen angels came down and bred half angel/half human giants) and if the book of Jasher’s account of the mixing of species of men and animals were true; this opens the door to all mythology. Throughout all mythology, Greek examples to be specific, hybrid creatures are found such as centaurs, Medusa and of course the famous Minotaur.

minotaur

Why did the genealogy of the giants matter?

 Ham’s great-great grandson’s name was Caphtorim. (He is affiliated with the iconic Goliath who fought for the Philistines, the giant David killed; Caphtor also became a location).  In Amos 9:7 it says, “Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?” Jeremiah 47:4 says, “Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.” Guess where scholars think Caphtor is? Crete – the home of all Greek mythology.

When looking at the early Greek history, there is a connection. “The earliest cultures of Europe developed along the shores and on the islands of the Aegean Sea and are known as the Aegean Civilization. Chief among these cultures were those of the Minoans on the island of Crete, the Mycenaeans on the Greek mainland, and the Trojans of the city of Troy and its surrounds along the Hellespont in Asia Minor…… A single poet has never had such an influence on the thinking of a people as Homer had upon the Greeks. Little is known about Homer, but he probably lived during the 700s B.C., perhaps on the island of Crete or in the city of Smyrna.”[1]

Early Greek Mythology, influenced by well-known storytellers like Hesiod and Homer, came from that exact region! A mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition. Perhaps the inception of these ancient myths that we know and love even to this day had a very real truth behind them!

[1] Combee, Jerry, and George Thompson. History of Civilization. Pensacola: Beka Book, 2013. Print.

Introduction to the Nephilim (part 2)

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(continuation based on the premise that the sons of god were fallen angels)

Genesis 1:7, says that on the second day of Creation, “God made the firmament (atmosphere), and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.”meganeura

A story released in Harvard Magazine told of how, in 1940, a curator of fossil insects found, in the Oklahoma prairie, a fossilized wing that belonged to a dragonfly (Meganeuropsis americana) whose wingspan was that of almost two and a half feet.”[1] Dragonflies take in perfectly the amount of oxygen that they need to fly. In atmospheric conditions before the flood, the oxygen levels and carbon levels may have been much higher than it is today, explaining the unbelievable size of this insect. (There is a theory of a water canopy in the atmosphere created a sort of greenhouse effect on the planet, but it lacks firm evidence.) The pre-flood era is thought to have been inhabited by life on a much larger scale. Imagine what a man would look like compared to this dragonfly; and then a giant compared to a  man.

What happened to the fallen angels?

2 Peter 2:4 says that, “God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;” Also, Jude 1:6 says that “the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” Whether the eternal chains written are literal or allegorical; those fallen angels have a special place in hell.

“A rare glimpse into the rebellion of angels in heaven with Lucifer is here at hinted. Scripture gives little ink to the details of what took place then in ages past. But Jude here refers to “angels which kept not their first estate. . . God has therefore reserved for them “everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.” It may be that everlasting chains and darkness referred to here are allegorical of the eternal judgement and spiritual darkness these fallen angels have brought down upon themselves. Or, alternatively, it very well refers to some of these beings literally bound to this hour awaiting judgement. It is clear that a significant number of unclean spirits are loose and active in the world. Moreover, various references in the Book of Revelation indicate that others are bound at least until the Tribulation.”[2]

Genesis 7:21-23 says, “all flesh that moved on the earth perished, birds and cattle and beasts and every swarming thing that swarms upon the earth, and all mankind; of all that was on the dry land, all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, died. Thus He blotted out every living thing that was upon the face of the land, from man to animals to creeping things and to birds of the sky, and they were blotted out from the earth; and only Noah was left, together with those that were with him in the ark.” This undoubtedly confirms, everything outside of the ark — men, women, children, animals, nephilim — was destroyed.

What is known of the giants after the flood?  

Deuteronomy 7:1-5 (see also 20: 13-18) (1 Samuel 15:3)

“When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; 2 And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: 3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. 4 For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly. 5 But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.”

Some have said that it is difficult to connect the God of the Old Testament with that of the New Testament. While Jesus walked among men in the New Testament teaching, preaching and showing unconditional love, the God of the Old Testament was commanding the Israelite people through his righteous judgement to annihilate entire people groups, including women and even children. The Amorites, Emimites, Zuzimites, Rephaimites and Anakim all are listed in the Bible as tribes that had giants among them. There are even giants from the Philistines, including the iconic Goliath of Gath. Perhaps our view of an unmerciful God, executing orders to the Israelites to eradicate entire tribes, is tainted, without the realization they were abominations in the sight of the Lord. What we know undoubtedly from the Bible, is that these tribes were wicked and in need of judgment.

The Bible clearly states that giants existed, but how they managed to be alive post-flood is unknown. In Numbers 13:33, which records when Joshua and Caleb spied on Canaan, the other ten spies said, “We saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.” In Amos 2:9, God says that, “yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath.” Verses throughout the entire Old Testament describe giants as being polydactyl, tall as trees, and extraordinary strong and powerful beings.  (1 Chronicles 20:6 and 2 Samuel 21:20) Unfortunately, almost every reported excavation of giant skeletons being found, are hoaxes. Finding verifiable and trustworthy sources for information regarding our ancient past is growing more difficult every year. We only know what God has intended in the Bible

While the Bible is the only source of information that is perfect; other extra-biblical Hebrew texts may hold insight to the nature of these giants.

 

 

[1] http://harvardmagazine.com/2007/11/dragonfly-html

[2] Sorenson, David H. Understanding the Bible: An Independent Baptist Commentary. Duluth, MN: Northstar Ministries, a Ministry of Northstar Baptist Church, 2005. Print.

(For use of the picture)Copyright (c) 2017, Alex Freeman. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”.

Introduction to the Nephilim (part 1)

How do you determine what is true? Why do you believe what you do? Do you have an open mind to being wrong? Asking yourself these questions are crucial, before I present the following information. You might consider asking me the exact same questions myself; my responses would be through thorough investigation, presentation of verifiable facts, and an undoubted, yes.

Our timeless and omnipotent Creator, God Almighty, started everything we know in Genesis. The seven days of creation, Lucifer and his angels fall, the first sin of Adam and Eve – all monumental events in the inception of our world.  What’s next to come is one of the many  colossal events to have ever taken place.

Genesis 6: 1-9 (of 22)

“And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,  That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose. And the Lord said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years. There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. And it repented the Lord that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. And the Lord said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them. But Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord. These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.”

Who are the “Sons of God”?

Perhaps while reading the previous scripture, you may have failed to notice the significance of it. After defining who the “Sons of God” are, we will discover the magnitude behind it.  “Much debate has raged over the years over who were the sons of God and the daughters of men. Though some have suggested the sons of God were fallen angelic creatures who descended to earth and married women (daughters of men). However, there is no other scriptural basis for that. In fact, it would be biologically impossible. Moreover, Jesus indicated that the angelic realm is a sexless race, not having reproductive ability.”[1] (Dr. David H. Sorenson, pastor & author)

The controversy defining who the “Sons of God” are, has been discussed for years without end. Two major theories presented, are the “Nephilim Theory” (Nephal in Hebrew is fall/cast down) and the “Sethite Theory”. The Nephilim theory is that the fallen angels (of Revelation 12:9) are the “Sons of God” in Genesis 6:2,4 and that they bred with women, creating giants (Nephilim). The Sethite Theory is that the Sons of God are referring to the righteous line of Seth (Adam’s youngest son) and the daughters of men are the wicked line of Cain (Adam’s eldest son).

Many have used Mark 12:25 as a crucial point towards the Nephilim theory being incorrect. “The verse only say that angels, being compared to specific humans, do not marry nor are given away in marriage. This refers to and compares the tradition of human men marrying and human women being given away but that does not, for one moment, indicate what form an angel can manifest. It only makes a point to say that they don’t marry, just like monks, certain priests, and others who take a vow not to.” [2]

(In Genesis 19 when the angels traveled with Lot in Sodom, the people of the city mistook them as men and in the book of John, when Mary Magdalene arrived at the empty tomb; she also mistook Jesus himself, accompanied by angels, as mere men.)

The use of Luke 17:27, questions, if the Nephilim theory were true, how the giants survived the flood; since there was never in the Bible a reference to a second incursion and the only survivors of the flood were Noah’s family. The answer to how the giants survived the flood will forever be a mystery.

You may think that since the above question has no irrefutable explanation, now, it must be untrue – and that is for you to decide. There are inconsistencies found in both. But as for the “righteous descendants of Seth” and “the rebellious daughters of Cain” it is not mentioned once in the entirety of the Bible regarding the Sethite theory. Defining who are the “Sons of God” genuinely determines which view must be interpreted. Entire churches have been split due to doctrinal or opposing views on how two parties understand the same exact scripture.

“Hebrew tradition in regard to history and recording events adheres to the principle of literary first mention. This means that the first time, chronologically, something is mentioned and defined semantically by context, that definition then becomes the meaning of that word until an obvious and stated alternative context is attached to that particular term. People don’t realize that the first time the term “sons of God” was mentioned was actually in the book of Job, not Genesis. Job is the oldest recorded book by authorship so when Moses compiled the Torah and edited Genesis, he would have possessed all previous holy scripture handed down over the generations. He would have most likely adhered to the prior terminology for authenticity and congruency. Job lived before Moses and he first used the term “sons of God” thereby defining it.”[2] While the Sethite theory crumbles, the Nephilim theory shows potential.

Many have never heard both the views presented, and in the grand scheme of things, it doesn’t make much of an impact on us today. I believe that if the fallen angels did in fact create the abominations our Bible so frequently spoke of, then multiple questions we have in history can possibly be answered.

[1] Sorenson, David H. Understanding the Bible: An Independent Baptist Commentary. Duluth, MN: Northstar Ministries, a Ministry of Northstar Baptist Church, 2005. Print.

[2] Quoted by Tim Brock